ATI Monitoring Brief 2016 ATI Commitment 1

This Monitoring Brief on Commitment 1 of the Addis Tax Initiative is
the first of three ATI Monitoring Briefs.

This Monitoring Brief on Commitment 1 of the Addis Tax Initiative is the first of three ATI Monitoring Briefs, each of which is concerned with the analysis of one of the ATI commitments. The results presented are based on data reported to the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) under the CRS (Common Reporting Standard) purpose code 15114 (Domestic Revenue Mobilisation – DRM). Several development partners (namely the EU institutions, France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States) have adjusted their original reporting to the OECD DAC. The amended dataset underlying this analysis can be found online.

Key Findings

In 2016, gross disbursements accounted for 358.18 million USD and commitments for 375.60 million
USD, which represents an increase of 61% and 58%, respectively, with regards to the ATI baseline.
The overall increase in support to DRM is driven primarily by two substantial loans by France. Excluding
these loans, ATI development partners’ support to DRM in 2016 slightly decreased in comparison to the
2015 baseline, namely by 9% of gross disbursements and 8% of commitments.
Concentration of support is more pronounced than in 2015. In 2016, three countries receive almost half
of total Official Development Assistance (ODA) for DRM. Indonesia, Armenia and the Philippines are the
three largest recipients, making Far East Asia the region that received the largest share of ATI development
partners’ support to DRM in 2016 (about 37%). Considering the numbers excluding loans, Sub-Saharan
African remains the most supported region (receiving about 39% of total grant support); a trend that has
not changed since 2015.
A positive trend shows the increasing share of ODA support to DRM received by ATI partner countries,
highlighting the commitment of ATI partner countries to implement DRM reforms. ATI development partners’ DRM support to ATI partner countries in gross disbursements increased from 22.7% of total support
(50.88 Mio. USD) in 2015 to 50.0% (179.20 Mio. USD) in 2016.
The ATI development partners reaffirm their strong commitment to enhance support for DRM while acknowledging that it will be of crucial importance to put the additional ODA to use in an efficient, effective,
and coordinated way in order to support partner countries by significantly stepping up DRM. The recently
inaugurated ATI consultative group on Commitment 1 therefore agreed to, inter alia, look into refining the
DRM database, which provides all relevant country data in order to enable informed decisions when coordinating support. Other issues to consider revolve around analysing partner countries’ own DRM strategies
as well as facilitating the provision of support to DRM.
The data was collected in 2016, meaning that a relatively short temporal gap between the launching of the
Addis Tax Initiative in mid-2015 and the observation of the impact of the commitments limits the robustness of these results. A considerable time lag often lies between political commitments and the budgetary
adjustments needed for the planning and implementation of new projects. It is therefore too early to draw
conclusions on whether or not the ATI development partners are on a path to reaching their commitment
to double support to DRM by 2020.
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