The Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank, is the primary multi-donor mechanism for development assistance in Afghanistan, and assists the Afghan Government to deliver essential programs in areas such as education, health, rural development and microfinance. Funding to ARTF supports many varied activities to deliver programs in the above mentioned areas. Three priority programs supported by ARTF are: (1) National Solidarity Program (NSP) which helps to build the capacity of local communities to identify and manage their own development projects, including water and sanitation services; (2) Education Quality Improvement Program (EQUIP) which promotes quality and access to national education programs, prioritising female teachers and students; and (3) Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS). This program focuses on improving maternal and child health in all 34 Afghan provinces. The total value of this initiative is $312.6 million over 9 years, starting 2008-09.